1. Entrepreneurial University and Its Socio-Economic Impact

Track conveners:
Yuzhuo Cai, Tampere University, Finland, Yuzhuo.Cai@staff.uta.fi
and Karen Barrañon, Autonomous University of Barcelona, kbarranon@gmail.com.

In the knowledge-based society, entrepreneurial universities, as a key component in the Triple Helix model, has been playing an increasingly important role for socio-economic innovation and development (Etzkowitz, 2008). Although the original entrepreneurial university literature mainly refers to strong research universities and with empirical cases of in, for example, engineering and business disciplines (Clark, 1998; Etzkowitz, 2004), a growing conception is that entrepreneurial universities can be all type (Gibb, Haskins, & Robertson, 2013) and apply to all disciplines (Etzkowitz, 2014). With such a notion, a growing volume of studies have addressed socio-economic impact of entrepreneurial university mainly in the following aspects, such as technology transfer, cultivating labour force, enhancing the attractiveness of business environment, promoting social mobility, and changing local institutional contexts.

While any contributions for improving our understandings of entrepreneurial university and exploring the impact of entrepreneurial university on social and economic development in the track are welcomed, we are also expecting critical views and especially looking for those bring new theoretical and empirical insights on these issues. Some example questions are: How to perceive and measure the entrepreneurial university in different concepts? How to conceptualise and theorise entrepreneurial university for both research and application oriented higher education institutions with a special consideration of the local context? What are the dangers of misuse of the entrepreneurial university concept in university reforms? What should be the role of entrepreneurial university beyond its contribution to technology transfer and for regional economic development? What are the challenges or unintended consequences in the process of developing entrepreneurial university? Do we have alternative ways to resolve the problems that the entrepreneurial university is used to address?

References

Cai, Y., & Liu, C. (2015a, 21-23 August). The entrepreneurial university as an institutional entrepreneur in regional innovation system development: The case of Tongji Creative Cluster in Shanghai. Paper presented at the XIII Triple Helix Conference, Beijing.
Cai, Y., & Liu, C. (2015b). The roles of universities in fostering knowledge-intensive clusters in Chinese regional innovation systems. Science and Public Policy, 42(1), 15-29.
Etzkowitz, H. (2004). The evolution of the entrepreneurial university. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 1(1), 64-77. Retrieved from http://inderscience.metapress.com/content/VFP58MEACN34AXNM
Etzkowitz, H. (2008). The triple helix: university-industry-government innovation in action. New York: Routledge.
Etzkowitz, H. (2014). The entrepreneurial university wave: From ivory tower to global economic engine. Industry and Higher Education, 28(4), 223-232.
Gibb, A., Haskins, G., & Robertson, I. (2013). Leading the Entrepreneurial University: Meeting the Entrepreneurial Development Needs of Higher Education Institutions. In A. Altmann & B. Ebersberger (Eds.), Universities in Change (pp. 9-45): Springer New York.
Goddard, J., & Vallance, P. (2013). The university and the city. London and New York: Routledge.