11. Are we Facing a New Generation of National Innovation Systems?

Track conveners:
Luiz Marcio Spinosa, University of California Berkeley (USA) & Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (BR) m.spinosa@pucpr.br
and Christiane Gebhardt, Malik Institute St. Gallen, Switzerland christiane.gebhardt@t-online.de

We encourage the participation of representatives and researchers of NIS to introduce their current studies. We are particularly interested in provide answers to some basic questions: Are we facing a new generation of National Innovation Systems? What changes are occurring in public polices in different countries? What is the role of the triple-helix on these new challenges?

Worldwide public policies have stimulated the creation of National Innovation Systems (NIS) as a way to promote the development of regions and countries eager to be involved in a global innovation economy. NIS are a kind of system that evolves, can be enabled or worked with and, most of the time, cannot be entirely designed or controlled. This track is dedicated to understand new challenges that have pushing the evolution of the NIS, such as:

(i) the innovation ecosystems, advocating more dynamics, organic relationships and behaviour of independent actors, having self-organizing forces from government, industry, policies and other streams forming them
(ii) the global interconnected innovation systems, involving more active commercial transactions, dialogue and communications among transnational regions;
(iii) a closer relationship with regions and mainly urban areas in order to better cultivate a synergetic connection with the amenities of a city (or cities, or a region);
(iv) the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at the United Nations; (v) new innovation contexts and models, such as business-oriented, technology-oriented, cultural oriented, systemic-oriented, spontaneous-oriented, open-innovation oriented, start-up oriented, frugal innovation, reverse innovation, and so on.

References

Borras, S., Edquist, C. (2013). ‘The choice of innovation policy instruments. Technological Forecasting and Social Change’. Volume 80, pg. 1513-1522, 2013.
EC (2015). ‘The Europe 2020 in a Nutshell’. European Commission. (Avail http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_en.htm, accessed in Jan/2015) .
Engel, Jerome (2014). ‘Global Clusters of Innovation – Entrepreneurial Engines of Economic Growth around the World’. Edited by Jerome S. Engel, University of California, Berkeley, US, 2014.
Gebhardt, C. (2015) The Island of Bliss? University Technology Commercialization Practices in the Swiss Innovation System . In: University technology transfer: the globalization of academic innovation”Edited by Breznitz M. Shiri and Henry Etzkowitz (2015) Routledge London.
Hwang, Victor, Horowitt, Greg. (2012). ‘The Rainforest: The Secret to Building the Next Silicon’. Published by Regenwald, Los Altos Hills, California (US).
UN (2016), ‘Transforming Our World – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. United Nations, September, 2015.