13. Triple Helix Model and Knowledge Creation in Developing Countries

Track conveners – Mariza Almeida, Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro mariza.almeida@unirio.br
and Calhoun Thomas, Knowledge Economy Info@KnowledgeEconomy.com 

The importance of context in innovation policy has been highlighted in the literature on innovation studies, in which the results depended on numerous factors, such as the characteristics of the components and the dynamics of their national innovation systems (Chaminade et al., 2013), the inter-relation of six aspects grounded in their particular context: industry and technology, organizational, institutional and policy, social, timing, and spatial (Autio et al., 2014), that link the three dimensions of entrepreneurial activity (rate, magnitude of novelty, variety of entrepreneurial exploitation) with the four features of the entrepreneurial context: spatial, time, social and institutional (Zahra and Wright, 2011), generating different resolutions, among the university-industry-government relations, and alternative strategies (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorf, 2000). Triple helix experiments have been used in developing countries in order to encourage economic and social development based on knowledge creation (Saad and Zawdie, 2011).

This line is devoted to further enhancing our understanding of the triple helix initiatives in developing countries, which has been discussed in the previous conferences. We invite submissions contributing to analysis of how the Triple Helix Model has been creatively incorporated in public policies, university missions and business strategies and how the interaction between university-industry-government has been improving economic and social development, social inclusion and sustainability in those countries, in order to introduce new theoretical and empirical ideas.


Autio, E., Kenney, M., Mustar, P., Siegel, D., & Wright, M. (2014). Entrepreneurial innovation: The importance of context. Research Policy, 43(7), 1097-1108.
Chaminade, C., Lundvall, B-Å., Vang, J. and Joseph, K.J. D. (2011). Designing innovation policies for development: towards a systemic experimentation-based approach In Lundvall, B. Å., Joseph, K. J.,
Chaminade, C., & Vang, J. (Eds.). (2011). Handbook of innovation systems and developing countries: building domestic capabilities in a global setting. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Etzkowitz,H., and Leydesdorff, L. (2000) The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Research policy 29(2), 109-123.
Saad, M., & Zawdie, G. (Eds.). (2011). Theory and Practice of Triple Helix Model in Developing Countries: Issues and Challenges. Taylor & Francis.
Zahra, S. A. and Wright, M. (2011). Entrepreneurship’s next act. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 25(4), 67-83.