4. Measuring Social and Economic Impacts of Science and Technology Parks

Track conveners – Patricia Alencar Silva Mello patalencar@yahoo.com,
Ciro Biderman ciro.biderman@gmail.com,
Lycia Lima lycialima@gmail.com,
and Claudia Hiromi Oshiro claudiahiromi@gmail.com, Fundação Getulio Vargas – Public Administration and Government School (FGV-SP EAESP) – Brazil, São Paulo.

Although Science and Technology Parks (STPs) are spreading worldwide as a result of innovation and competitiveness policies by both established and emerging economies, there are few studies able to certify the success of these organizations. A sense of urgency to find effective methods to measure these innovative environments and their complexity has been motivating many researchers. There is need for data analytics, metrics and indicator’s not only to accountability purposes, given that almost all STPs are funded by public resources, but also because studies of these sort may reveal ways and strategies to increase the efficiency of these environments and to direct public programs that focus on spreading STPs.

The results of Science Park’s progress measurement carried out so far show no consensus, which may be explained by differences between those science parks studied. However, some of them have highlighted some positive results such as affirmative impact on regional economic development, patenting performance improvement by companies within the park, R & D diversity enlargement and others.

This track calls for theory, research, and practice in empirical and analytical approaches that intend to develop metrics to measure the performance of STPs. We invite theoretical and empirical perspectives from different areas, as well as experimental research and case studies addressing questions such as: How to measure the impact of these innovative ecosystems which are organized as real estate enterprises where the so-called triple helix elements – academia, private sector and state, work synergistically developing activities based on science, technology and innovation?

References

Drabowska, J., (2011) Measuring the success of science parks: performance monitoring and evaluation, XXVIII IASP World Conference on Science and Technology Parks
Lindelöf, P., &, Löfsten, H. (2004) Proximity as a resource base for competitive advantage: University industry links for technology transfer, Journal of Technology Transfer 29, 311–326
Link, A., Scott, J.T. (2003) US science parks: The diffusion of an innovation and its effects on the academic missions of universities, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 21, 1323-1356
Siegel, D. S., Westhead, P., & Wright, M. (2003) Assessing the impact of University Science parks on research productivity: Exploratory firm-level evidence from the United Kingdom, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 21, 1357–1369
Squicciarini, M. (2009) Science parks: seedbeds of innovation? A duration analysis of firms’ patenting activity, Small Bus Econ, 32, 169–190