6. Innovation Clusters and Cluster Initiatives as Practical Implementation of Triple Helix Collaboration

Track conveners – Tatiana Pospelova pospelova_t@mail.ru;
Dr. Nataliya Smorodinskaya, Institute of Economics, RAS, Russian Federation smorodinskaya@gmail.com

The Triple Helix (university-industry-government relationships) is an established theoretical model. One of the practical instruments of the model are innovation clusters. An innovation cluster is a complex dynamic system of co-located regional actors, which has different modes of creation, financing, and operation, depending upon the country and the given region. Such clusters may be viewed as a special type of innovation ecosystems and a special class of joint economic projects called cluster initiatives. Cluster initiatives are realized through the networking and collaborative efforts of a specialized cluster organization that establishes a triple-helix-based cluster governance team and a cluster management group. If successfully organized and implemented, cluster initiatives lead to the emergence of strong competitive clusters. A key part of cluster research examines practical ways of how to deepen collaboration between government, business and academia, and hence, how to further develop cluster initiatives and strengthen clusters’ innovation synergy effects.

We invite papers that have different connections to clusters such as:

– Government regulations, cluster-supportive polices and their effects
– The role of cluster organizations in implementing cluster initiatives
– The role of universities in a cluster development
– University – business collaboration
– Cluster Innovation infrastructure

Research papers may address one of the following questions:

– What is a future of cluster development and how Triple Helix drives implementation of cluster initiatives?
– Do we find a way of creating effective clusters through Triple Helix interactions and what is the difference between industrial and innovation clusters?
– How to create an effective partnership between universities and corporate entities in a cluster?
– What are examples of best practice in cluster governance and cluster management?
– Who should manage cluster development and who should lead regional triple helix constellations?


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Dodgson, Mark (1993) Technological Collaboration in Industry: Strategy, Policy, Internationalization in Innovation. London: Routledge.
Kakko, I. (2012) Innovation Infrastructure For Clusters. Third Generation Of Science Parks.
Lidia Borrell-Damian, Rita Morais and John H. Smith, (2014) University-Business Collaborative Research: Goals, Outcomes And New Assessment Tools.
Paytas, J., Gradeck, R. and Andrews, L. (2014) The Roles of Universities in Regional Development, Maria Lindqvist.
Pospelova, T. (2014) Infrastructure Project Collaboration in Developing Countries. Outlook for the Interaction of Science, Business and State in Building Innovative Economy in Russia, Journal of Business and Economics, 5 (3): 376–381.
Solvell, O. (2009) Clusters– Balancing Evolutionary and Constructive Forces, Stockholm: Ivory Tower.